BADMINTON COURT: THE SEMANTICS
Badminton has been regarded as a casual pastime sport and like volleyball, has been taken up as a social sport. However, there is an army of people that live and speak badminton, and because of them, the sport has been made into a more sophisticated game.
This means that proper courts were constructed, clear rules were made and the sport became worth competing over. There are very many things one must know before deciding to play badminton such as what a badminton racket to use, what shuttlecock is best and what are the basic rules of play. Some of these rules cannot be understood without the knowledge of the badminton court.
The badminton court is the official and recognized location where a proper badminton match ought to take place. It has clear marks that allow the players know what to do where, and which would enable the judges and spectators to see when a score of a foul move is made. A badminton court is the only place where a match can be judged fair and square.
Although there may be some slight variations from country to country, there are basic rules and regulations as to what an ideal and standard court should look like. We aim to explore all there is to know about the badminton court.
A badminton court can be outdoor or indoor. The location matters as it determines which materials to use. There are three main components of a badminton court. The poles, the net and the floor. When constructing a court you have to put all these three into consideration, ensuring you get the high-quality material, but also at affordable prices.
The poles of a badminton court can be of steel or PVC. Steel poles are preferred for the outdoor courts because they have the advantage of being all-weather friendly, and they last longer in general. They are less prone to wear and tear and are less likely to break. So overall, they would go for years without needing much repairing talk less of replacement.
On the other hand, PVC poles are better suited for the indoors are they are cheaper and if kept indoors, can last a while. In comparison to steel, however, PVC poles can chip and break more easily. But before ridding them off, it is important to note that PVC is more portable than steel poles and can, therefore, be more efficient.
The badminton net can be made from nylon or polyester, with nylon being the more superior choice. This is because nylon tends to knotless, making it easier to maintain. It is also highly durable in comparison to polyester, and the fibers are tougher, making the chances of breakage minimal. However polyester is cheaper and lighter, making it better for portability.
Badminton court floors can be made of three materials, depending on the location of the court. The floors can either be concrete, wooden or synthetic. All these types of floors have their strong points. Therefore you get to choose one depending on your preferences.
a.) Concrete Floors
Concrete floors are the very first type of badminton floors to be made for designated courts. This is because previously badminton was an outdoor game and so the floors had to be made from an all-weather material. The grass was not viable because of its lack of firm foot grip, so concrete was the next best option.
The advantages of a concrete floor are that it is cheaper to construct, it is easy to mark, and it is more durable as compared to the wooden and synthetic floors. It can stand all weathers, and if properly built, can go years without repairs needed.
On the other hand, concrete floors are stiff and allow little to no flexibility of the ankle or knees. This means that a player can easily come to injury.
b.) Synthetic Floors
Synthetic floors have over time gained more popularity especially for indoor courts thanks to their prolonged durability. They are also significantly cheaper than wooden floors and offer great foot grip, therefore reducing the chances of slipping off and getting hurt. Synthetic floors also have the upper hand when it comes to color variations, as they come in different shades and colors. They are also easier to paint over than wooden floors. The only downside is that with the firm foot grip, there is less sliding and bouncing, therefore flexibility, although better than that of concrete floors, is still limited.
c.) Wooden floors
Wooden floors are very common for indoor courts. They are shiny, smooth and bring a glimmering sight to the court. However, they are expensive as they are fancy. Apart from the initial installation cost, wooden floors are costly to repair. They also chip off easily.
In terms of flexibility, then the wooden floor is the most flexible, allowing maximum sliding and gliding to catch the shuttlecock. However, it is the same flexibility that makes it easy to slip and fall into injury.
As an alternative, many people have covered their wooden floors with synthetic carpets, but this means double costs. You can also avoid this excessive gliding by getting the correct pair of badminton shoes which have a firm and sure grip.
The dimensions of a badminton court are standard and are as follows:
The Badminton Court shall be a rectangle laid out with lines of 40mm wide, preferably in white or yellow color. The Badminton Court Dimensions are of 13.4m in length and 6.1m in width.
The post shall be 1.55m in height from the surface of the court and shall remain vertical when the net is strained. The net shall be made of fine cord of dark color and even thickness with a mesh of not less than 15mm and not more than 20mm. The net shall be 760mm in depth and at least 6.1m wide.
The top of the net shall be edged with a 75mm white cloth. The top of the net from the surface of the court shall be 1.524m (5ft) at the center of the court and 1.55m (5ft 1in) over the sidelines for doubles. There shall be no gaps between the ends of the net and the posts. If necessary, the full depth of the net should be tied at the ends.
The costs of constructing a badminton court can vary greatly depending on the country, the size and the materials used. Given a standard sized single court, then the materials used would make the difference as to how much it would cost, land and labor costs not included.
Obviously using synthetic material, i.e. PVC poles, polyester nets and synthetic carpet for floors would be the cheapest combination. However this may not make a durable badminton court, and although cheap, it may not be as player friendly as an actual synthetic floor, which raises the cost.
It all depends on the budget that you have, the labor force and the availability of construction materials.
Useful tips for beginner badminton players
Many badminton beginers ask for badminton tips once they try to make progress and focus on their techniques. Learning from pro is a good way since it helps you avoid detours. There are a number of things you should know as a beginner, and it is my own approach and hopefully it is useful to you.
1. Wearing necessary protective equipments such as knee pads and wrist wrap before you start anything. They are not just for alleviate pains, but protecting you from injured.
2. Warming up. Do some jogging along the field, rotating each leg, stretch your muscles, and so on. Warming up properly can help you avoid serious injuries, do not learn it the hard way.
3. Practise your footwork while warming up. Move your right foot first(suggesting your right hand holds racket), and always return back to the original position after any moves. This is also the footwork of singles.
4. Practsing twisting your racket at any time, that helps you switch between forehand grip and backhand grip very fast.
5. Never hold the racket very tight, EXCEPT the very moment hitting the shuttlecock. Try to hit on the right spot (one third to the top of the bed). This is a real trick if you want a hign clear, specially for those who have not enough strenght to do so, but this trick needs time to understand and perform.
6. Watch more videos of pro players, learn their footworks, techniques, tactics and so on. Don’t just watch one time, you will learn different techniques from the same video, depending on your skill level.
7. Pose the right posture before stroke. The standard posture is helpful to hit the right way, no matter forehand or backhand. Never forget that.
8. Use your brain while playing. Understand your opponent, his psychology, find out his weakness then attack.
9. Play with people of better skilled. This can be hard sometimes at first but it helps you making progress very fast.
10. Fine a partner who can practice specific moves with you. You make help each other and that will make differences in a short time.
11. Watch tutorial videos if you do not have budget for a coach. That still work though it is slow. Some videos posted here.
These skills are for beginners, yet it works all the time. It is good to study skills from others and you will make progress fast by doing that. But its doesn’t mean that you can not play if you don’t have these skills. You will develop your own skills once you discover the fun and go deep.
Badminton Tips for Doubles Play
The dynamics and tactics of playing badminton doubles (2 vs. 2) differ greatly from playing singles. This is because the game is much faster while you also have to get a sense of chemistry playing with your partner in order to win.
FRONT- BACK POSITIONING
Most teams would start out playing Right-Left with each player standing in his own box and taking over the shuttlecocks that fall within their respective location. However, this can be challenging especially during times when the shuttlecock lands in between the two players. Also, the movement of going forward and backward makes it tougher for each player to do change directions to cover the ground needed from front to back. The left-right positioning, however, can be effective when your team is trying to defend from strong smashes and net kills.
Another strategy that is preferred by more players in badminton doubles is the Front-Back positioning. This is done by having Player A stand in the center near the front while Player B is positioned 3-5 steps backward in the center as well. By playing this style, it will be easier to get moving laterally with footwork to cover the left and right sides for each player. Also, this allows each player to focus on strong shots from the back and net shots from the front. Both players immediately go into the front- back positioning right after the serve. Another advantage of the front- back method is that Player B also serves as a safety net for Player A for long shots.
If the key in singles is to get your opponent moving to wear him down and lead him to making mistakes, for doubles play the key is to always be on the attack. This is because you can’t focus on getting your opponents moving since there’s two of them to return the attacks. Also, since it’s a doubles game both teams return the ball a lot faster so the objective now becomes to be the team that forces the other to make more mistakes. Being on attack mode means always pressuring the opponent by hitting fast and downward through drives or smashes. Doing so puts pressure on the opponent, and gives the attacking team more flexibility to answer lifts (by Player A) or net shots (by Player B). If your opponent is on the offensive, defend by counterattacking with blocks and drives until you’re able to swing the rally in your favor to be the attacker.
When playing as a team, communication is key. In badminton, often teammates mistake a shot to be for the other player. Having constant communication throughout the game is key because just by talking, you’re able to delegate properly and you’re able to let each other know where you are on the court, especially for the player on the back (Player B). Also, communicating will allow each partner to anticipate the next move better.
Effective date: September 07, 2017
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